Caietele Sextil Pușcariu

Bogdan Harhătă


The paper aims to briefly observe how encyclopaedic information is treated in modern Romanian dictionaries. It starts by observing that modern-day lexicography discusses the distinction between dictionary and encyclopaedia focusing on the concept of information and that theoretical lexicographers aim to produce dictionary models free of non-linguistic information. The author then shows that elements of encyclopaedia are present in dictionaries in both entries and sub voce, in  the definition for each entry. For the latter case, the example of how the equivalent of dog in Romanian is defined in a number of 5 dictionaries spanning over the last half a century is adduced, and a brief comparison to a representative model produced by the Natural Semantic Metalanguage approach is made. After observing that dictionaries have the quality of texts intended for a public, i.e. they include a sociolinguistic element, and therefore, must obligatorily contain encyclopaedic information, the author argues that the best compromise between theory and practical needs is being made, namely trying to contain the encyclopaedic information by means of standardizing the formulations in the dictionary articles, and that Romanian dictionaries, like other European counterparts, are midway to achieving such goal.

Cuvinte-cheie:  informaţie  lexicală,  dicţionar,  enciclopedie,  lexicografie  română,  semantică lexicală.
Keywords: lexical information, dictionary, encyclopaedia, Romanian lexicography, lexical semantics.

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