Caietele Sextil Pușcariu

Mihaela Mariana Morcov, Daniela Răuţu, Dana-Mihaela Zamfir

SECONDARY ALTERNATIONS OF THE STRESSED VOWEL IN
ROMANIAN VERBAL INFLEXION. HISTORICAL TYPES AND THEIR
GEOGRAPHICAL DIFFUSION IN DACO-ROMANIAN (I)
(Abstract)

Vocalic alternations which are historically justified in Romanian (as produced by regular phonetic alteration of the palatal vowels after some consonants – necessarily after labial and often after r) have been extended beyond their original limits in the verbal inflexion in the course of time. Our research traces the expansion of some inflexion patterns – i.e. a tendency to associate certain morphological endings: u (> Ø; 1st sing. present of the indicative/subjunctive), non-syllabic i (2nd sing. present of the indicative/subjunctive), ă (3rd sing. present of the indicative) and e (3rd sing. present of the subjunctive) with a variation of the stressed vowel in the verbal stem (ă/ e/ a/ ÷a > e) – from some types in which this association is phonetically engendered to some other in which there ought to be no variation of that kind, inasmuch as stressed a not altered by any preceding consonant.

Cuvinte-cheie: flexiune verbală, alternanţevocalice, analogie, tendinţe dialectale.
Keywords: verbal inflexion, vocalic alternations, analogy, dialectal tendencies.

[ Înapoi / Text complet ]