Caietele Sextil Pușcariu

Pál Enikő

SEXTIL PUȘCARIU IN AND ABOUT DIACHRONY
(Abstract)

Although Sextil Puşcariu did not construct a well-defined scientific theory of diachrony, his numerous remarks made on this topic, which are scattered throughout his more or less extensive works, reflect a relatively unitary and coherent conception. His thoughts on diachrony – viewed as a research method and also as a principle of language development – reveal us a deep and comprehensive perception of the essence of diachroneity as well as a visionary spirit. As a matter of fact, his intuitions anticipate certain ideas found in subsequent theories of this particular issue. In a period in which diachrony and synchrony are often quite sharply demarcated, the linguistic method being mistaken for language itself, and in which the diachronic study of language seems to be defeated by the synchronic approach, Puşcariu’s intent to reconcile these two perspectives and to bring linguistic research back to its natural and “proper” course may be regarded as a component of the modernity of the Romanian scholar’s conception.

Cuvinte-cheie: Sextil Puşcariu, diacronie, sincronie, lingvistică.
Keywords: Sextil Puşcariu, diachrony, synchrony, linguistics.

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